Under the Affordable Care Act, applicable large employers – those with 50 or more full-time employees, including full-time equivalent employees – are required to take some new actions. These employers must file information returns with the IRS and also provide statements to full-time employees about health coverage the employer offered or to show the employer didn’t offer coverage.
Information reporting was voluntary for calendar year 2014. All applicable large employers are required to report health coverage information for the first time in early 2016 for calendar year 2015.
To be prepared to report this information to the IRS and issue the new Form 1095-C to employees, you’ll need to:
- Determine if your organization is an applicable large employer.
- Determine the kind of health insurance coverage you offered to full-time employees and their dependents, if any.
- Identify who your full-time employees are for each month and track health coverage information in 2015to help complete new IRS forms.
Are you an applicable large employer?
Your organization is an applicable large employer if you or other entities that must be combined together with your organization (for instance, other members of an aggregated group) employed an average of at least 50 full-time employees, including full-time equivalent employees, on business days during the preceding calendar year.
Which employees count?
Employers average their number of employees across the months in the year to see whether they will be an applicable large employer for the next year. To determine if your organization is an applicable large employer for a year, count your organization’s full-time employees, full-time equivalent employees and, if you are a member of a combined group, the full-time employees and full-time equivalent employees of all members of the group for each month of the prior year and then average the numbers for the year.
- A full-time employee is an employee who is employed on average, per month, at least 30 hours of service per week (or at least 130 hours of service in a calendar month).
- A full-time equivalent employee is a combination of employees, each of whom individually is not a full-time employee (has fewer than 30 hours of service per week), but who, in combination, are equivalent to a full-time employee.
- An aggregated group is commonly owned or otherwise related or affiliated employers, which must combine their employees to determine their workforce size.
Getting Ready: Monthly Tracking
To prepare for 2016, applicable large employers need to track information each month in 2015, including:
- Whether you offered full-time employees and their dependents minimum essential coverage that meets the minimum value requirements and is affordable.
- Whether your employees enrolled in the self-insured minimum essential coverage you offered.
- You need to track this information because you could be subject to an employer shared responsibility payment if either:
- You offered coverage to fewer than 70%
- Note that this 70% threshold is for for 2015; after 2015 this threshold changes to 95%. You must have offered coverage to fewer than 70% of your full-time employees and their dependents and at least one full-time employee enrolled in coverage through the Health Insurance Marketplace and receives a premium tax credit, or
- You offered coverage to at least 70%
- You offered coverage to at least 70% (for 2015) of your full-time employees and their dependents, but at least one full-time employee receives a premium tax credit (because coverage offered was not affordable, did not provide minimum value or the full-time employee was not offered coverage). After 2015, this threshold changes to 95%.
Tips for Completing the Forms
1) Form 1095-C:
Employer Provided Health Insurance Offer and Coverage
What You Need to Do:
- Provide to full-time employees to use when filing their tax returns.
- File with the IRS as an information return.
What Form 1095-C Reports:
- Information about health insurance coverage offered and any safe harbors or other relief available to the employer, or reports that no offer of coverage was made.
- Enrollment information from employers who offer self-insured plans and information about employees and individuals who enrolled in minimum essential coverage.
How Form 1095-C Is Used:
- Helps the IRS determine if your organization potentially owes an employer shared responsibility payment to the IRS.
- Helps the IRS determine whether your full-time employees and their dependents are eligible for the premium tax credit.
What You Need for Form 1095-C:
- Who is a full-time employee for each month.
- Identifying information for employer and employee, such as name and address.
- Information about the health coverage offered by month, if any.
- The employees share of the monthly premium for lowest-cost self-only minimum value coverage.
- Months the employee was enrolled in your coverage.
- Months the employer met an affordability safe harbor with respect to an employee and whether other relief applies for an employee for a month.
- If the employer offers a self-insured plan, information about the covered individuals enrolled in the plan, by month.
2) Form 1094-C:
Transmittal of Employer Provided Health Insurance Offer and Coverage Information Returns
What You Need to Do:
- File with the IRS as a transmittal document for Forms1095-C, Employer Provided Health Insurance Offer and Coverage.
What Form 1094-C Reports:
- Provides a summary to the IRS of aggregate employer-level data.
How Form-1094-C Is Used:
- Helps the IRS determine whether an employer is subject to an employer shared responsibility payment and the proposed payment amount.
What You Need for Form 1094-C
- Identifying information for your organization.
- Information about whether you offered coverage to 70% of your full-time employees and their dependents in 2015. (After 2015 this threshold changes to 95%.)
- For the authoritative transmittal
- Total number of Forms 1095-C you issued to employees.
- Information about members of the aggregated applicable large employer group, if any.
- Full-time employee counts by month.
- Total employee counts by month.
- Whether you are eligible for certain transition relief.